Carl Gardner

Laughing gas and the Psychoactive Substances Act

September 1, 2017

It’s been reported that some prosecutions under the Psychoactive Substances Act 2016 have collapsed recently, at Southwark and Taunton Crown Courts. The Taunton case at least was about the section 7 offence of possession with intent to supply a psychoactive substance, and both cases related to nitrous oxide—or “laughing gas”. The cases have led to a […]

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Will Brexit rights have direct effect? The Human Rights Act may show us the answer

August 23, 2017

The government published its latest “future partnership paper” today on “Enforcement and dispute resolution”, and most of the attention it’s gathered—and the government’s spin—has been about its “dispute resolution” aspect. In other words, what role the European Court of Justice may have in the UK’s future relations with the EU. But I want to focus on the […]

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The Suez file: the Attorney’s letter to the Prime Minister, November 13, 1956

January 3, 2017

The final document from the Attorney General’s 1956 Suez file (reproduced with permission of the image library of the National Archives) is a letter dated November 13th 1956 from the Attorney General, Sir Reginald Manningham-Buller, to the Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden. The previous Thursday, the 8th, the day the government had survived a vote […]

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The Suez file: correspondence between Sir Gerald Fitzmaurice and the Attorney General, November 6-7, 1956

January 2, 2017

From the Attorney General’s 1956 Suez file I’m today reproducing (with permission of the image library of the National Archives) a letter dated November 6 1956 to the Attorney General, Sir Reginald Manningham-Buller, from the Foreign Office Legal Adviser Sir Gerald Fitzmaurice; and the Attorney General’s reply of the following day. Fitzmaurice tells the Attorney […]

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The Suez file: Lord McNair’s letter to Lord Kilmuir, November 4, 1956

January 1, 2017

Today’s document from the Attorney General’s 1956 Suez file (reproduced with permission of the image library of the National Archives) is a letter dated November 4 1956 to the Lord Chancellor Lord Kilmuir, from Lord McNair. Lord McNair was a professor of law at Cambridge. He had served as President of the International Court of […]

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The Suez file: the Attorney’s letter to R. A. Butler, November 1, 1956

December 31, 2016

Today’s document from the Attorney General’s 1956 Suez file (reproduced with permission of the image library of the National Archives) is a letter from the Attorney General to R. A. Butler dated November 1 1956 suggesting a non-legal justification for intervention to be used in the Commons (Butler was to wind up a debate on […]

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The Suez file: the Attorney’s letter to Selwyn Lloyd, November 1, 1956

December 30, 2016

The next document I’m reproducing from the Attorney General’s 1956 Suez file (with permission of the image library of the National Archives) is a letter from the Attorney General to the Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd dated November 1 1956—and copied to Prime Minister Eden—expressing concern about government statements on the legal justification for action in […]

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The Suez file: the Attorney’s letter and memo of October 31, 1956

December 29, 2016

The third batch of documents from the Attorney General’s 1956 Suez file (reproduced with permission of the image library of the National Archives) consists of a letter from the Attorney General to the Lord Chancellor dated October 31 1956, together with a memorandum stating the Law Officers’ final view and in effect closing the legal […]

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The Suez file: Lord Kilmuir’s letter and memo of October 15, 1956

December 28, 2016

The second batch of documents from the Attorney General’s 1956 Suez file (reproduced with permission of the image library of the National Archives) consists of the Lord Chancellor, Lord Kilmuir’s reply to the Attorney, dated October 15 1956; and his memorandum setting out his own opinion that the use of force over Suez would be […]

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The Suez file: the Attorney’s letter and memo of October 12, 1956

December 27, 2016

With permission of the image library of the National Archives, here are the first two documents I’m reproducing from the Attorney General’s 1956 Suez file: a letter from the Attorney, Sir Reginald Manningham-Buller to the Lord Chancellor, Lord Kilmuir (better known to many as Sir David Maxwell-Fyfe, as he was before he became a peer) […]

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